Valparai is a hill station in the district of Coimbatore, in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is a part of the Anamalai hills in the Western Ghats. It towers at 3500 feet above sea level. Valparai is surrounded by Anamalai Tiger Reserve, Parambikulam Tiger Reserve, Eravikulam National Park and the forest division of Vazhachal. The Valparai Township was started in 1903 by the Annamalai Planters Association. Valparai is also called Naduvar.
The climb from Pollachi to Valparai is an experience not to be forgotten because of the 40 hair pin bends being encountered on the way after Azhiyar. The sights on the way up are beautiful with dense forests and privately owned tea companies. Fauna in these parts consists of elephants and leopards and on the way from Pollachi, the traffic through the dense forests consist of deer, elephants, lion tailed monkeys and wild goats that will be crossing the roads.
The first of the planters to develop this area was Ramaswamy Mudaliar who started a coffee estate. There were others who could not make it big and some of the plantations were sold. By 1875, the British came to Valparai. The then Prince of Wales was scheduled to visit the place and a road and guest houses were constructed. A camp was arranged and there were a group of British people who had come to make arrangements. This camp is now called Angalakurichy. The Prince could not make his visit. Two Britishers, W. Wintil and Nordan purchased some land from the Madras Government on behalf of the British and the area was developed by an expert, Carwer Marsh, who started a tea and coffee plantation. These Britishers had close contacts with the local inhabitants. A statue of Carwer Marsh can be found in Kavarkal Estate. He was also known as ‘The father of Anaimalais’.
VALPARAI GENERAL INFORMATION
LOCATION : Tamilnadu, Coimbatore Dist. Valparai
ACCESS : Via Pollachi / From Cochin, Chalakudi Via Atharapilly.
LATITUDES : 10° 13.2' and 10°33.3'N.
LONGITUDE : 76° 49.3'E and 77° 21.4'
TIGER RESERVE AREA : 958 Sq.Km
ALTITUDE : 1080 MSL
AVERAGE RAINFALLl :500 – 5000 mm South West & North East
BEST SEASON : January and May to December
CLIMATE : Moderate Warn climate almost through the year and fairly cloud during winter months (November & December)
SUMMER : Max. 25°C, Min. 12°C
WINDER : Max. 10°C, Min. 0°C
SEASON :September to May
ALTITUDE : 1080 MSL
LSNGUAGES :Tamil, Malayalam and English
STD CODE :4253